16 September 2016 – Zurich leads the world for sustainability–alongside other European cities such as Stockholm, Vienna and London–according to the Sustainable Cities Index from CallisonRTKL’s parent company, Arcadis.
The index was compiled for Arcadis by the Centre for Economic and Business Research (Cebr) and explores the three pillars of sustainability– social (people), environmental (planet) and economic (profit) to develop an indicative ranking of 100 of the world’s leading cities. The overall index is informed through an analysis of 32 different indicators and is broken down into an overall index and three sub-indices across each pillar.
Well-established European cities dominate the top of the overall ranking, making up 16 of the top 20 positions. They are joined by the advanced Asian cities of Singapore (in second place), Seoul (7th) and Hong Kong (16th) as well as Australia’s capital, Canberra (18th). Zurich took top place thanks to its particularly high rating for environmental and economic sustainability.
Overall the top ten and bottom ten cities in the 2016 Arcadis Sustainable Cities Index are:
|Top ten||Bottom ten|
|1. Zurich||91. Bengaluru|
|2. Singapore||92. Mumbai|
|3. Stockholm||93. Chengdu|
|4. Vienna||94. Wuhan|
|5. London||95. Cape Town|
|6. Frankfurt||96. Manila|
|7. Seoul||97. New Delhi|
|8. Hamburg||98. Nairobi|
|9. Prague||99. Cairo|
|10. Munich||100. Kolkata|
The full findings can be found here: www.arcadis.com/sci2016
At the extremes: Sustainability of global cities polarized
The report also demonstrates that cities around the world are living at extremes and exhibit polarized performance across the three pillars of sustainability. For example, Zurich, despite leading both the overall ranking and the planet sub-index and doing well for economic sustainability, appears in 27th place on the people sub-index. London also does well for planet (9th) and profit (3rd) but is in only 37th place for people.
This is mirrored in some Asian cities. Singapore and Hong Kong excel in the profit arena but have further room for improvement to advance the sustainable conditions of people in their cities. They sit in first and second place, respectively, on the profit sub-index, compared to 48th and 81st for people.
Stockholm and Vienna achieve the best balance, appearing in the top 15 across each of the people, planet and profit rankings. Emerging cities in Asia, along with a number in Latin America, Africa and the Middle East, are held back in the overall ranking by particularly low profit ratings.
Europe: Economic problems holding back some cities
Central and Northern European cities dominate top positions throughout the index. Rotterdam and Hamburg come in second and third, respectively, on the people sub-index, with the former scoring especially well for work-life balance. Amsterdam also features strongly for people in seventh place. Switzerland performs well in the planet sub-index with Zurich and Geneva taking the first and third spots, respectively, and they are joined in the top five by Stockholm, Vienna and Frankfurt.
Of the three sub-indices, Europe is most challenged in profit, which could be a consequence of slow growth following the economic crisis. Notably Lyon, Brussels and Lisbon all score in the top half for both people and planet, but when it comes to profit they rank substantially lower in 71st place, 66th and 61st overall respectively.
London’s place as a leading global city is reflected in its fifth place overall. It does particularly well in the profit standings, and is in the top ten for planet too, but as with many other leading financial centers, the cost of living and lack of affordable housing drag it down.
North America: New York joins Canadian cities on top
North American cities experience challenges compared to other advanced economies on two pillars of sustainability – environmental and social – as they are hampered by low ratings on several contributing factors, including risks to climate change, health, and per-capita carbon emissions.
Canadian cities place notably higher than their U.S. counterparts, with Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal taking three of the region’s top four places. New York is the highest ranked U.S. city, coming in second in the region and 26th globally, followed by Boston in 34th. West Coast cities are not far behind with San Francisco and Seattle coming in as the third and fourth highest ranked U.S. cities.
The two Texan cities of Dallas and Houston are separated by only three places in the overall ranking, but Houston places above its state counterpart on the people sub-index while Dallas is ahead for environmental and economic sustainability.
In general, U.S. cities are challenged on social sustainability factors, with relatively low work-life balance, crime, health, and affordability ratings. Performance on the planet sub-index is also an area for improvement, with high per-capita emissions, high energy use and a lack of urban green space.
However in the profit sub-index, the U.S. performs well with five cities in the top quarter globally: New York, San Francisco, Washington, Boston and Denver.
Asia: Rapid urbanization putting pressure on people and planet
Across Asia there are extremes between both the countries and within the sub-index rankings, suggesting many of these cities are living at their limits.
Singapore and Hong Kong take the top two spots on the profit sub-index; but long working hours and commutes and high cost of living hamper their social sustainability performance. Meanwhile, South Korea’s capital, Seoul, leads on the people sub-index, performing well on social sustainability factors.
Latin America: Brazil demonstrates green credentials
In Latin America, all six cities in the index sit within 13 places of each other in the overall ranking. Santiago takes the region’s top position at 71st place and Mexico City rounds out the region in 84th.
The Brazilian cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro sit out in front of their continental counterparts in the planet sub-index, ranking significantly higher in 30th and 38th place, respectively, compared with the next highest city, Santiago, in 57th. In contrast, the two cities perform the poorest for the region on economic sustainability at 84th and 86th place globally.
Middle East: Some highlights of profit and people sustainability
The Middle Eastern cities demonstrate large differences within the region, which are most apparent in the profit sub-index where cities are placed between fourth (Dubai) and 97th (Amman) globally. These extremes are also notable at an individual city level with clear differences across the three sustainability pillars.
Despite its high profit showing, Dubai encounters particular challenges on the planet sub-index coming in 96th in the world. In contrast, Amman leads the region on environmental sustainability but achieves a far lower placing on the people sub-index, coming 71st. Muscat tells another story of contrasts, placing in the top ten globally on the people sub-index but ranked 85th in the world for economic sustainability.
Australasia: Strong performance on environmental sustainability
In Australasia all five cities fall relatively closely together in the overall global ranking from 18th to 32nd (Melbourne). Canberra takes the region’s top spot on the overall index and on the people and profit sub-indices.
Wellington takes the lead on environmental sustainability with Sydney, both falling in the top ten cities globally. Wellington is another a prime example of a city living at extremes, taking the region’s top spot on the planet sub-index, but falling 50th or below on both social and economic sustainability globally.
All four African cities in the index fall into the bottom ten of the overall ranking, hindered by sustainability challenges across all three pillars. Johannesburg comes in at 90th and Cairo at 99th position.
For more than five decades, Callison and RTKL have created some of the world’s most memorable and successful environments for developers, retailers, investors, institutions and public entities. In 2015, our two practices came together under the Arcadis umbrella, expanding our sphere of influence and the depth and breadth of our resources. Our team is comprised of more than 2,000 creative, innovative professionals throughout the world who are committed to advancing our clients’ businesses and enhancing quality of life. callisonrtkl.com
About Arcadis Arcadis is the leading global design & consultancy firm for natural and built assets. Applying our deep market sector insights and collective design, consultancy, engineering, project and management services we work in partnership with our clients to deliver exceptional and sustainable outcomes throughout the lifecycle of their natural and built assets. We are 27,000 people active in over 70 countries that generate €3.4 billion in revenues. We support UN-Habitat with knowledge and expertise to improve the quality of life in rapidly growing cities around the world. Arcadis. Improving quality of life.